Type 2 diabetes

Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes.

Type 2 diabetes generally results from resistance of the body’s tissues to the effect of insulin, with consequent high blood glucose levels.

The cause of type 2 diabetes can be multifactorial, including a combination of genetic factors, lifestyle and environmental factors. Lifestyle management is a cornerstone of type 2 diabetes management.

Available treatments for type 2 diabetes have advanced considerably over the last decade. These include tablets (“oral hypoglycaemics”), non-insulin injectables and insulin therapy. It is essential that treatment approaches are individualised according to the clinical presentation and each individual’s needs.

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